OPUS at the upcoming EOSC Symposium 2023
OPUS at the upcoming EOSC Symposium 2023 1024 558 Open and Universal Science (OPUS) Project

Gareth O’Neill, Principal Consultant on Open Science and a valuable member of the OPUS team, will share insights in two pivotal sessions at the upcoming EOSC Symposium 2023: “EOSC Future” and “OPUS and EOSC-A”.

From 20-22 September 2023, the EOSC Symposium will take place in Madrid, in the context of the Spanish Presidency of the Council of the European Union. The EOSC Symposium is organised by the EOSC Future project, together with the EOSC Tripartite collaboration (the EOSC Association, the EOSC Steering Board and the European Commission).

This year’s event will be fully hybrid, facilitating broader exchanges between stakeholders from ministries, policy makers, research organisations, service providers, research infrastructures and research communities driving the development of – and engagement with – the European Open Science Cloud. In the context of the EOSC Future project, the EOSC Symposium will also be a critical platform to showcase project achievements and key exploitable results.

The conference sessions will take place on Thursday 21 September, from 15.40-18.00 CEST. The unconference sessions are only available to in-person attendees.

*REMINDER: Registration for in-person attendance is closed, but you can still register as an online participant here*


A few months ago they launched a vote for session proposal submissions on big issues, involving compelling speakers and perspectives from the EOSC community. They opened the vote up to registered in-person participants. Now the votes are in, and they are pleased to announce that we’ve selected not 6, but 8 unconference sessions to add to the event programme!

1 – Exploring the role of nodes in relation to the EOSC platform (EOSC Association)

This is a timely opportunity to explore the role of nodes in the EOSC platform and the interaction between architecture and policies. This session will use the following example questions as a means of focusing the discussion on the role of nodes in relation to the EOSC platform:

  • What is the definition of a node? What must a node contain and what is optional? What defines the boundaries of one node from another?
  • How do the different layers of policies for EOSC participation foreseen by the RoP task force map on to nodes?
  • What policies need to apply at the EOSC platform level and what policies may vary by node?
  • Who is responsible for such policies, how are they enforced and monitored?
  • Who decides if a node can be admitted or excluded to the federation and on what basis?
  • Are EOSC core and Exchange services common to the whole EOSC platform or does their implementation and access vary across nodes?

2 – Trust in Sharing Sensitive Data (University of Oslo & Nordic e-Infrastructure Collaboration (NeIC))

Trusted Research Environments are highly relevant when discussing the legal and technical challenges of implementing sensitive data use cases. Bringing together different stakeholders for a fruitful discussion and producing a set of recommendations is particularly useful for the community and would provide useful input for the EOSC association. We would provide answers on the data governance and legal framework for lawful and ethical data sharing among TREs, technical solutions for security, and trust between stakeholders. NeIC has extensive experience with TREs, and coordinated three sensitive data services projects, in addition to EOSC-Nordic.

3 – Data spaces in dialogue: Cultural heritage data as an essential resource for humanities research (Europeana Foundation)

This session aims to explore the interconnections between the common European data space for cultural heritage and EOSC, considering how EOSC itself can be seen as a Data Space for Research and Innovation, and giving the Social Sciences and Humanities domain more visibility within EOSC. Cultural heritage data is humanities research data and therefore, the common European data space for cultural heritage is essential for (digital) humanities research. The common European data space for Cultural Heritage will be increasingly a source of data also for EOSC, both in the form of datasets and research outputs resulting from computational analysis of cultural heritage data. Connecting data spaces is the way forward, and the sooner collaboration starts, the better interoperability is ensured.

4 – Digital twins and EOSC – Insights from BioDT (CSC – IT Center for Science)

BioDT is one of several projects aiming to establish a new type of platform based on digital twins to address important societal challenges, in the wider context of the EU Green Deal, Destination Earth and the EU Biodiversity Strategy specifically. It aims to provide a platform comprising digital twins to drive long-term biodiversity research and facilitate science-driven policy and rapid-response actions.
The proposed session will provide an opportunity to push the integration of these platforms with EOSC,
as BioDT in particular and various digital twins in general can strongly benefit from an integration in e-infrastructures.

5 – EOSC Symposium Community workshop – EOSC Node Value Proposition (SWITCH)

Recently the EC introduced in the technical specifications of the EOSC Procurement the concept of an ‘EOSC Node’, which is not well defined and has raised many questions in the community. This unconference workshop will focus on understanding what values an EOSC node could offer. The aim is not to address specific operational aspects, but on agreeing on a common understanding on what capabilities an ‘EOSC node’ could offer and how they can interact and federate with the EOSC EU node. The workshop will provide an opportunity to articulate a consolidated Value Proposition for different sets of stakeholders. The feedback is aimed to be from the widest possible range of stakeholders and those who were not able to contribute fully to other fora. This is your opportunity to contribute to the added value, definition and ideas around EOSC Nodes in an open forum.

6 – Leveraging global data communities in regional initiatives and cross-border infrastructures (Uppsala University / ELIXIR Sweden / NBIS, SciLifeLab)

This session will showcase how you can leverage global data organisations in the Data Together coalition, such as the Research Data Alliance (RDA), to strengthen and increase the impact of activities across your research organisation, infrastructure or EOSC project. It offers opportunities to exchange knowledge and discuss methods to support collaborations, identify bi-directional opportunities, and help in developing synergies. You will have the opportunity to outline and refine your own liaison strategies and to identify gaps and priorities for future work in this space.

7 – Harmonised PID practices for protected data (CSC – IT Center for Science)

When access has to be controlled to data, and sometimes even metadata, trustworthy identification of digital objects is crucial for robust and secure data management. Good PID management is extra important when dealing with sensitive data. PIDs for sensitive data have also been identified as an important question for the realisation of a FAIR EOSC. The session would dig into relevant use cases in the FAIR-IMPACT project and discuss our work regarding lifecycle, access and rights management and how this affects PIDs. In our use cases we bring together solutions from different domains to share knowledge and learn from each other to achieve interoperable, yet context friendly solutions. This is an excellent opportunity to get to know our work and to discuss this hot topic in EOSC.

8 – Why are Public Authorities not (yet) a relevant user group for EOSC, and what can we do to foster this? (EGI Foundation)

Despite public investment on EOSC development, the uptake to the wider public sector is not yet in the spotlight. The market potential from public authorities is huge and includes different types of users
ranging from small municipalities or regional administrations to the biggest national and transnational initiatives. In order to bring the user community closer to EOSC, DECIDO is setting up an EOSC Competence Center for Public Authorities and is collecting lessons learned from use cases from early adopters. Learn and discuss how public authorities can become a relevant user group for EOSC services, why this is important for EOSC, and what you can do to help to foster this.


Two experts in their field have been selected to kick off this year’s Symposium:

  • Joaquin Tintoré, Research Professor from the Spanish Research Council (CSIC) and Director of SOCIB, the Coastal Ocean Observing and Forecasting System of the Balearic Islands (SOCIB) will guide us through the ‘Open Science principles applied to SOCIB’s Research infrastructure ocean observing activities and data’.
  • Emanuela Girardi, founder and president of Pop AI (Popular Artificial intelligence), an association that investigates the impact that AI has on people’s daily lives and raises awareness among the public and companies on the benefits and potential risks of AI technologies. She is also the President of the ADRA (AI, Data, Robotics Association) and co-author of the Italian national AI strategy as a Member of the High-Level Expert Group of the Italian Ministry of Economic Development. Emanuela will reflect on the potential impact of AI on research.


The Second EOSC and Data Spaces joint session will take place on Friday 22 September. Online attendance is open…and free! You’ll find the session description in the agenda, along with registration information, here.


From keynote, big-picture plenaries, to more focused thematic sessions, it lists varied and thought-provoking sessions by speakers offering a wide array of perspectives, and a wealth of insights and knowledge-sharing opportunities that promise to address the key challenges for EOSC on the road ahead.

Find the full agenda now on the EOSC Symposium website!

OPUS Research Assessment Framework (RAF): Changing the Way We Evaluate Research
OPUS Research Assessment Framework (RAF): Changing the Way We Evaluate Research 1024 821 Open and Universal Science (OPUS) Project

The OPUS team has been hard at work for months, creating the first version of the OPUS Research Assessment Framework (RAF). This innovative tool is set to change the way we evaluate research. The framework provides a range of indicators and metrics specifically designed for research organizations and funding bodies to assess researchers for career advancement and grant applications. By using the OPUS RAF, research organizations can effectively evaluate the quality and impact of research while promoting the principles of Open Science. It’s important to note that the RAF also includes a focus on Open Science practices, providing recognition and incentives for these important aspects.

As part of the OPUS project, two key documents have been finalized to drive this initiative forward. Deliverable D.2.1 outlines interventions to test in pilot programs, focusing on rewards and incentives for researchers. Deliverable D.3.1 presents indicators to test in these pilot programs, covering metrics for Open Science practices.

The development of the RAF takes inspiration from influential policies and existing frameworks like the San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment (DORA), Leiden Manifesto for Research Metrics, Hong Kong Principles, and Recommendations by the Open Science Policy Platform (OSSP), among others. By incorporating elements from these important documents, the RAF aims to create a comprehensive assessment tool that combines both quantitative and qualitative approaches, covers research and non-research activities, and meets the unique needs of research organizations and funding bodies.

Throughout the development process, key stakeholders in research assessment and Open Science have played a crucial role. Collaboration with partners within the OPUS project, pilot organizations, the Advisory Board, and external stakeholders has helped shape the RAF. Input from pilot initiatives, targeted stakeholder feedback, and an open consultation with the wider research community will guide future improvements to the RAF.

The RAF offers a comprehensive set of indicators and metrics to assist in researcher assessment within research organizations and funding bodies. These activities are categorized into research, education, leadership, and valorization, allowing organizations to customize their assessment systems to their specific needs. The framework covers a broad range of activities and includes a dedicated focus on Open Science to ensure that both types of activities receive appropriate recognition and rewards.

Important Deliverables

Two separate deliverables under the OPUS project, Work Package 2 (WP2) – Interventions for Open Science (Rewards and Incentives for Researchers), and Work Package 3 (WP3) – Indicators and Metrics for Open Science (Rewards and Incentives for Researchers), have been finalized:

  • D.2.1 Interventions to Test in the Pilots to support the implementation of the RAF, Deliverable D2.1 outlines various interventions available for testing during the pilot phase of the project. These interventions provide practical support for research organizations and funding bodies and can be used alongside the RAF framework. The indicators and metrics from the RAF will undergo rigorous testing in selected pilot organizations to ensure their effectiveness.
  • D.3.1 Indicators to Test in the Pilots: Deliverable D3.1 provides in-depth insights into the guiding principles, structure, and implementation of the RAF. It features generic indicators and metrics in Section 3 and Open Science indicators and metrics in Section 4. The report concludes with a discussion on future steps and the role of the OPUS project. For a detailed overview, including all indicators and metrics, you can refer to Appendix 1, which presents the full RAF.

What’s Next?

With the finalization of these two critical deliverables, the OPUS project has achieved a significant milestone in research evaluation. To enhance its effectiveness, the developers will conduct comprehensive testing and gather feedback over the next eighteen months. Valuable feedback on potential areas for improvement, as well as the appropriateness of chosen categories and indicators, will refine the framework.

Pilot institutions will play a crucial role in thoroughly testing the framework and providing valuable feedback on both the indicators and interventions. This iterative process ensures that the OPUS RAF becomes a practical and user-friendly tool for European research organizations and funding bodies.

A sector-wide consultation will engage key organizations, projects, and sector partners, gathering insights and perspectives from various stakeholders in the research community. By involving diverse voices, the final version of the OPUS framework will be more comprehensive and relevant.

As the OPUS RAF undergoes further refinement and collaboration, it holds the promise of shaping research evaluation practices in a profound way. The project’s dedication to continuous improvement and engagement with stakeholders ensures that the final version of the OPUS RAF will meet the needs of the research community, driving positive change and progress.

Stay tuned for updates as the OPUS project takes research assessment into a new era of transformation. We will provide detailed insights into each deliverable, giving you a comprehensive understanding of the progress made and the significance of these developments. Keep an eye out for more information on each deliverable in the coming days.

Unlocking Innovation: The Boundless Opportunities Provided by Open Science
Unlocking Innovation: The Boundless Opportunities Provided by Open Science 720 451 Open and Universal Science (OPUS) Project

Open science is transforming the way we approach research, collaboration, and discovery. By democratizing knowledge, accelerating scientific progress, engaging citizen scientists, fostering innovation, and enhancing reproducibility and accountability, open science provides a multitude of opportunities for individuals, institutions, and society as a whole.

  1. Democratizing Knowledge

One of the most significant benefits of open science is the democratization of knowledge. Traditionally, access to scientific research has been restricted to those with institutional affiliations or the financial means to pay for journal subscriptions. Open science tears down these barriers by making research papers, datasets, and even lab notes openly available to anyone with an internet connection.

This newfound accessibility empowers individuals from diverse backgrounds to engage with scientific content, fostering a more inclusive and equitable scientific community. Researchers, educators, and curious minds alike can now access a wealth of information previously hidden behind paywalls.

  1. Accelerating Scientific Progress

Open science accelerates the pace of scientific progress by promoting collaboration and transparency. When researchers share their data and methodologies openly, it becomes easier for others to replicate and build upon their work. This not only enhances the robustness of scientific findings but also reduces duplication of effort.

Collaboration among scientists worldwide becomes more streamlined through platforms like open-access journals, preprint servers, and open-source software tools. Researchers can draw upon a global pool of expertise, accelerating the development of innovative solutions to pressing global challenges, from climate change to pandemics.

  1. Engaging Citizen Scientists

Open science encourages citizen engagement in research projects. Citizen scientists, who may not have formal scientific training, can contribute valuable data and insights to various fields. Projects like Foldit, a protein-folding game, have demonstrated the power of crowdsourcing scientific problem-solving.

Through open science initiatives, citizens can participate in data collection, analysis, and even the formulation of research questions. This inclusive approach fosters a sense of ownership and engagement with science among the broader public, helping bridge the gap between the scientific community and society at large.

  1. Fostering Innovation

Open science acts as a catalyst for innovation by removing barriers to collaboration and knowledge sharing. In the business world, open science can lead to the development of new products and services. Companies can leverage openly available research and data to drive innovation in areas such as healthcare, technology, and sustainable agriculture.

Start-ups and entrepreneurs, in particular, benefit from the wealth of open-access resources available. They can use open science as a foundation for groundbreaking innovations, without the need for extensive research budgets.

  1. Enhancing Reproducibility and Accountability

Open science promotes transparency in research, improving the reproducibility of scientific experiments and findings. With open access to data and methodologies, other researchers can independently verify and validate results. This not only strengthens the credibility of scientific research but also holds scientists accountable for the quality and integrity of their work.

To Remember

As we continue to embrace the principles of open science, we can look forward to a future where scientific knowledge is freely accessible to all, collaboration knows no geographical boundaries, and innovation thrives in an environment of transparency and inclusivity. It is a future where the possibilities are limited only by our collective imagination and dedication to the pursuit of knowledge.

Photo via LegalZoom

The Green Deal of Open Science: A Sustainable Future for Knowledge
The Green Deal of Open Science: A Sustainable Future for Knowledge 1024 683 Open and Universal Science (OPUS) Project

In recent years, there has been a growing global recognition of the need for sustainable practices in various aspects of our lives. This awareness has extended to the world of science, where the concept of the “Green Deal of Open Science” has emerged as a guiding principle for a more sustainable and accessible research ecosystem.

Embracing Open Science

Open Science is a movement that promotes transparency, collaboration, and accessibility in research. It encourages scientists to share their data, methodologies, and findings openly with the global scientific community and the public. This approach not only fosters trust and credibility but also accelerates the progress of knowledge.

The Green Dimension

The Green Deal, as outlined by the European Commission, is an ambitious plan to make the European Union’s economy sustainable by turning climate and environmental challenges into opportunities. This concept has been extended to Open Science, creating a synergy between sustainable research practices and environmental conservation.

1. Reducing Environmental Impact

One of the primary goals of the Green Deal of Open Science is to minimize the environmental footprint of scientific research. This can be achieved through various means, including:

  • Digitalization of Research: Encouraging digital tools for collaboration, data sharing, and publishing reduces the need for physical resources.
  • Energy-Efficient Computing: Promoting the use of sustainable energy sources for high-performance computing and data storage.
  • Minimizing Travel: Embracing virtual conferences and meetings to reduce the carbon emissions associated with travel.

2. Sustainable Infrastructure

Investing in sustainable infrastructure is a crucial aspect of the Green Deal. This includes:

  • Green Laboratories: Implementing energy-efficient practices, recycling initiatives, and utilizing sustainable materials in research facilities.
  • Data Centers: Designing and maintaining data centers with a focus on energy efficiency and renewable energy sources.
  • Eco-Friendly Supply Chains: Ensuring that the procurement of equipment and resources follows sustainable practices.

3. Promoting Circular Science

The Green Deal of Open Science emphasizes the adoption of circular economy principles. This entails:

  • Recycling and Reusing Data: Encouraging researchers to build on existing datasets, reducing the need for redundant experiments and data collection.
  • Open Access Publishing: Supporting open-access journals and platforms to ensure that research findings are accessible to a wider audience, thus maximizing their impact.
  • Collaborative Research: Fostering interdisciplinary collaborations to tackle complex challenges more efficiently and effectively.

4. Educational Outreach and Engagement

Promoting awareness and education about sustainable practices in research is vital. This includes:

  • Training Programs: Providing researchers with the knowledge and tools they need to adopt sustainable practices in their work.
  • Engagement with Communities: Involving local communities and stakeholders in research projects to ensure that they benefit from and contribute to the scientific endeavor.
  • Public Communication: Sharing the importance of sustainability in science with the broader public to garner support and understanding.

A Collective Responsibility

The Green Deal of Open Science is not a task for scientists alone. It requires the concerted effort of governments, funding agencies, institutions, and the public. By working together, we can create a more sustainable and inclusive research ecosystem that not only advances human knowledge but also safeguards our planet for future generations.

In embracing the Green Deal of Open Science, we take a significant step towards a more sustainable and equitable future, where the pursuit of knowledge goes hand in hand with environmental stewardship. It is a pledge to not only advance science but also to leave a positive and lasting impact on our planet.

Photo: Perin

Is Open Science a Fundamental Aspect of Human Nature?
Is Open Science a Fundamental Aspect of Human Nature? 1024 512 Open and Universal Science (OPUS) Project

Open science, a movement advocating for transparent and accessible scientific research, has gained momentum in recent years. It proposes that scientific knowledge should be freely available to everyone, without restrictions or barriers. This idea prompts us to question whether open science is an inherent characteristic of human nature, rooted in our instinctive curiosity and cooperative tendencies. This article explores the concept of open science and delves into the evolutionary and societal factors that suggest its alignment with fundamental human traits.

The Curious Nature of Humans

From the earliest days of human existence, curiosity has been a driving force behind our quest for knowledge. Our ancestors were curious about the natural world, leading them to explore, experiment, and make discoveries that helped shape our understanding of the environment. This innate curiosity is evident in the cave paintings of early humans, which depict animals, celestial events, and various elements of their surroundings. These ancient artworks serve as evidence of a primal desire to observe, understand, and share knowledge.

Sharing Knowledge for Survival

Throughout human history, sharing knowledge has played a crucial role in our survival and progress. In ancient hunter-gatherer societies, passing down information about edible plants, hunting techniques, and natural remedies was essential for the group’s well-being. This cooperative sharing of knowledge allowed communities to thrive and adapt to their environments.

Early forms of scientific inquiry were also deeply rooted in collaboration and open exchange. Ancient civilizations like the Greeks, Egyptians, and Chinese engaged in scientific pursuits, often sharing their findings with the broader intellectual community. These early scientists were motivated by a desire to contribute to collective understanding rather than personal gain.

The Enlightenment and the Birth of Modern Science

The Enlightenment era, which spanned the late 17th to the 18th century, marked a significant turning point in the history of science. Philosophers and scientists of this period championed reason, empiricism, and the dissemination of knowledge. Figures like Isaac Newton, Galileo Galilei, and Francis Bacon advocated for the open sharing of scientific findings, challenging the prevailing notions of secrecy and exclusivity.

The establishment of the Royal Society in 1660 in London is often considered a cornerstone of modern scientific inquiry. Its motto, “Nullius in verba” (Take nobody’s word for it), embodies the spirit of open science. The society promoted experimentation, collaboration, and the free exchange of ideas, laying the foundation for the scientific method as we know it today.

Open Science in the Digital Age

In the 21st century, the digital revolution has catapulted open science to new heights. The internet has enabled researchers to share their work globally, transcending geographical and institutional boundaries. Open-access journals, preprint repositories, and online collaboration platforms have become essential tools for scientists seeking to disseminate their findings openly.

Moreover, citizen science projects have emerged, involving the general public in scientific research. This inclusive approach not only democratizes knowledge but also taps into the collective intelligence of a diverse range of individuals.


The concept of open science appears to be deeply ingrained in human nature, reflecting our curiosity, cooperative tendencies, and historical traditions of knowledge sharing. From our earliest ancestors to the present day, the pursuit of knowledge and the sharing of discoveries have been fundamental to our survival and progress as a species.

As we continue to navigate the complexities of the modern world, embracing open science not only aligns with our inherent human nature but also holds the potential to foster greater innovation, collaboration, and societal advancement. By championing transparency and accessibility in scientific research, we honor the legacy of our forebears who, through their curiosity and generosity, paved the way for the extraordinary scientific achievements of today.

Photo: School of Arts and Sciences

Unlocking the Future: EU-Funded Open Science Projects
Unlocking the Future: EU-Funded Open Science Projects 800 494 Open and Universal Science (OPUS) Project

Open Science, a global movement aiming to make scientific research more transparent, accessible, and collaborative, has been gaining momentum worldwide. In the European Union (EU), a host of innovative projects are driving this transformation, fueled by substantial funding and a commitment to fostering a culture of openness in research. In this article, we will explore the remarkable initiatives that the EU has supported through funding, and how they are shaping the future of scientific research.

  1. A Commitment to Open Science

The European Union has long been dedicated to advancing Open Science principles. The EU’s Horizon 2020 program, a research and innovation framework, allocated significant resources to promote open access to research outputs, data sharing, and collaborative research practices. This commitment has given rise to numerous groundbreaking projects across various scientific disciplines.

  1. OpenAIRE: Facilitating Open Access

One of the standout EU-funded initiatives is OpenAIRE (Open Access Infrastructure for Research in Europe). OpenAIRE is a pan-European effort that aims to promote open access to research outputs and data. It provides a comprehensive platform for researchers to share their findings openly, making them readily accessible to the global scientific community. Moreover, OpenAIRE actively supports the EU’s Open Science agenda by aligning with policies and initiatives that encourage transparency and collaboration.

  1. EOSC: The European Open Science Cloud

The European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) is another ambitious EU project that is set to revolutionize how research is conducted and shared. EOSC aims to create a virtual environment where researchers from diverse fields can access a wide array of resources, data, and tools. By fostering collaboration and data sharing, EOSC is accelerating the pace of scientific discovery, transcending disciplinary boundaries.

  1. FAIRsFAIR: Promoting Data Fairness

Ensuring that research data is Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and Reusable (FAIR) is a fundamental principle of Open Science. EU-funded projects like FAIRsFAIR are dedicated to promoting and implementing FAIR data practices. By establishing standards and guidelines for data management, FAIRsFAIR is making research data more valuable and accessible to both scientists and the public.

  1. The Role of Citizen Science

The EU recognizes the vital role that citizens can play in scientific research. Several EU-funded projects, such as the EU-Citizen.Science initiative, are empowering citizens to actively engage in scientific endeavors. By involving citizens in data collection, analysis, and interpretation, these projects are democratizing science and strengthening the connection between science and society.

  1. Supporting Early Career Researchers

EU-funded projects also prioritize the development of early career researchers. Initiatives like OpenAIRE’s NOADs (National Open Access Desks) provide training and resources to help researchers navigate the complex landscape of Open Science. This support is crucial in fostering a new generation of scientists who embrace openness and collaboration as core principles.


The EU-funded Open Science projects are not just advancing the boundaries of scientific knowledge but are also democratizing access to this knowledge. Through their dedication to open access, data sharing, and collaborative research, these initiatives are reshaping the way science is conducted and accelerating the pace of discovery.

As the EU continues to allocate substantial funding to Open Science projects, the future looks promising. These projects are not only benefiting the scientific community but also society as a whole, as they bring research closer to citizens and promote transparency, inclusivity, and innovation. The EU’s commitment to Open Science is indeed unlocking a brighter future for research and innovation in Europe and beyond.

Photo: Romania Insider

Open Methods in Open Science: Revolutionizing Research Assessment and Peer Review
Open Methods in Open Science: Revolutionizing Research Assessment and Peer Review 1024 411 Open and Universal Science (OPUS) Project

In the ever-evolving landscape of scientific research, the principles of openness and transparency have gained increasing prominence. Open science, which advocates for the unrestricted sharing of research findings, data, and methodologies, has catalyzed a transformation in research assessment and peer review processes. This article delves into the significance of open methods in open science, shedding light on how they are reshaping the way we evaluate and validate scientific work.

The Paradigm Shift Towards Open Science:

Open science is an overarching movement that aims to make scientific knowledge and processes more accessible, collaborative, and accountable. It emphasizes the importance of transparency at all stages of the research process, from the inception of an idea to the publication of results. At the heart of open science lie open methods, which refer to the disclosure of research methodologies and practices.

Open Methods: Unveiling the Research Process:

  1. Methodology Transparency: Open methods entail a comprehensive and transparent description of research methodologies. This includes detailing the experimental setup, data collection techniques, and statistical analyses. Such transparency enables others to replicate and validate research, a fundamental aspect of scientific inquiry.
  2. Open Data Sharing: Beyond the methods, open science encourages researchers to share their data openly. This not only enhances the reproducibility of studies but also promotes data reusability, potentially leading to the discovery of novel insights and applications.
  3. Collaborative Peer Review: Open methods dovetail with a more collaborative and inclusive approach to peer review. Traditional peer review often occurs behind closed doors, with limited opportunities for input from a broader community. Open peer review invites a diverse range of perspectives, fosters constructive criticism, and enhances the quality of published research.

Benefits of Open Methods in Open Science:

  1. Enhanced Credibility: Open methods enhance the credibility of research findings. When methodologies are clearly described and data is accessible, it becomes easier for others to evaluate and trust the results.
  2. Accelerated Scientific Progress: By facilitating the replication and validation of studies, open methods accelerate scientific progress. Researchers can build upon existing work with confidence, reducing redundancy and advancing knowledge more efficiently.
  3. Diverse Insights: Open science encourages a diverse set of voices and perspectives in peer review. This inclusivity can lead to a more comprehensive assessment of research, improving its quality and relevance.
  4. Community Engagement: Open methods promote community engagement. Researchers can collaborate more effectively, share expertise, and collectively address complex scientific challenges.

Challenges and Future Directions:

While open methods in open science offer numerous advantages, they also pose certain challenges. These include concerns about data privacy, the need for standardized reporting, and cultural shifts within the scientific community.

To further promote open methods, the scientific community should continue developing robust guidelines and standards for data and methodology sharing. Additionally, institutions and funding bodies should recognize and reward researchers who embrace openness in their work.

In conclusion, open methods are at the forefront of the open science movement, reshaping how research is conducted, assessed, and validated. As the scientific community continues to embrace transparency and collaboration, the potential for groundbreaking discoveries and a more accessible body of knowledge becomes increasingly promising. Open methods represent not only a revolution in research assessment and peer review but also a path toward a more open and accountable scientific landscape.

Photo: University of Potsdam

Policy Answers to Open Science
Policy Answers to Open Science 1024 577 Open and Universal Science (OPUS) Project

While the principles of open science are embraced by many, implementing effective policies to support and encourage it can be challenging. In this article, we will explore some key policy answers to open science and their importance in fostering innovation, collaboration, and the democratization of knowledge.

  1. Open Access Mandates

One of the fundamental policy answers to open science is the implementation of open access mandates. These mandates require that research funded by public institutions or government agencies must be published in open-access journals or repositories. By doing so, policymakers ensure that the results of publicly funded research are accessible to everyone, not just those who can afford expensive journal subscriptions.

Open access mandates have the potential to accelerate scientific progress by removing barriers to access. Researchers from all over the world can build upon existing knowledge without encountering paywalls or restrictions, leading to more collaborative and inclusive research communities.

  1. Data Sharing and Transparency

Another critical aspect of open science is the sharing of research data. Policymakers can encourage data sharing by requiring researchers to deposit their data in public repositories upon publication. Additionally, they can promote transparency by mandating the sharing of research methodologies and analytical tools.

By implementing policies that promote data sharing and transparency, governments and institutions can enhance the reproducibility and credibility of scientific research. This fosters trust in the scientific community and ensures that research findings are subject to scrutiny, which is essential for the advancement of knowledge.

  1. Research Funding and Incentives

Policymakers play a pivotal role in shaping the incentives for researchers. Traditional academic reward structures often prioritize publishing in prestigious journals, which may not align with the principles of open science. To address this, policymakers can consider revising promotion and funding criteria to value open science practices, such as sharing data, collaborating across institutions, and engaging with the public.

Furthermore, governments can allocate research funding to initiatives that promote open science, such as the development of open-source tools and platforms for data sharing and collaboration. By providing financial incentives, policymakers can motivate researchers to adopt open science practices.

  1. Education and Training

To effectively transition towards open science, policymakers can invest in education and training programs for researchers. These programs can teach researchers about open access publishing, data management, and collaboration tools. Additionally, policymakers can support the development of open science courses and materials for academic institutions.

By prioritizing education and training in open science practices, policymakers empower researchers to adopt these principles seamlessly, ensuring a smoother transition to an open science ecosystem.

  1. International Collaboration

Open science knows no borders, and many research questions require global collaboration. Policymakers can facilitate international collaboration by promoting agreements and partnerships that encourage the sharing of data and resources across borders. Harmonizing policies related to intellectual property and data sharing can reduce barriers to global collaboration.

Open science holds the promise of democratizing knowledge, accelerating innovation, and enhancing the transparency and credibility of scientific research. However, achieving these goals requires the support of effective policies. Policymakers can play a crucial role in advancing open science by implementing open access mandates, encouraging data sharing, shaping research funding and incentives, promoting education and training, and facilitating international collaboration. By doing so, they contribute to a more inclusive and collaborative scientific ecosystem that benefits society as a whole.

Photo: Case IQ

Promoting Open Science: Strategies to Garner University Support and Endorsement
Promoting Open Science: Strategies to Garner University Support and Endorsement 1024 675 Open and Universal Science (OPUS) Project

While open science has gained significant traction in recent years, its full integration into the academic community can still be a challenge. Universities play a crucial role in advancing open science practices, and getting them to accept and endorse open science can significantly impact the research landscape. In this article, we will explore strategies to persuade universities to embrace and support open science.

  1. Raise Awareness

The first step in convincing universities to endorse open science is to raise awareness about its benefits. Many researchers and academics may be unaware of the advantages of open science, such as increased research impact, transparency, and accessibility. Organize seminars, workshops, and webinars to educate the university community about the principles and potential of open science. Highlight real-world success stories and showcase how open science practices have improved research quality and reproducibility in various fields.

  1. Build a Community

Creating a community of open science advocates within the university can be instrumental in gaining institutional support. Form or join groups and committees focused on open science initiatives. Engage faculty members, researchers, and students who are passionate about open science and collaborate to promote its adoption. A strong, supportive network can exert more influence on decision-makers within the university.

  1. Establish Open Access Policies

One effective way to push for open science at universities is by implementing open access policies. These policies require researchers to make their publications and data openly available. Universities can adopt open access mandates that promote the dissemination of research findings to a broader audience. These policies can help researchers comply with funding agency requirements and encourage a culture of openness.

  1. Provide Training and Resources

Transitioning to open science practices can be challenging for researchers who are unfamiliar with the tools and methods involved. Universities should offer training and resources to support their academic community in adopting open science. This may include workshops on data management, open access publishing, and using open-source software. Libraries and research support services can play a vital role in providing guidance and training.

  1. Recognize and Reward Open Science

To motivate researchers to embrace open science, universities should revise their evaluation and promotion criteria. Acknowledge and reward open science activities such as sharing data, preprints, and collaborating openly. Promotion and tenure committees should consider these contributions alongside traditional research outputs. Recognizing open science efforts as valuable academic contributions will encourage more researchers to engage in such practices.

  1. Collaborate with Open Science Initiatives

Collaborating with external open science initiatives and organizations can further reinforce a university’s commitment to openness. Joining national or international consortia dedicated to open science demonstrates a university’s willingness to participate in global efforts to advance research transparency and collaboration. These partnerships can also provide valuable resources and expertise.

  1. Seek Funding for Open Science Initiatives

Securing funding for open science projects and initiatives can be a powerful motivator for universities. Many funding agencies prioritize open science practices and require grant recipients to adhere to open data sharing and dissemination principles. By actively pursuing such funding opportunities, universities can ensure financial support for their open science endeavors.

Summed up

Getting universities to accept and endorse open science is essential for advancing transparency, collaboration, and accessibility in research. It requires a multi-faceted approach that includes awareness-building, community-building, policy implementation, training, recognition, collaboration, and funding. By taking these steps, universities can play a pivotal role in shaping the future of research toward greater openness and transparency, ultimately benefiting both the academic community and society at large. Embracing open science is not just a choice; it is an opportunity to strengthen the integrity and impact of academic research.

Photo: Inside Higher Ed

Making the Most Out of Your Budget for Open Science
Making the Most Out of Your Budget for Open Science 1024 538 Open and Universal Science (OPUS) Project

While the benefits of open science are clear, many researchers and institutions often face financial constraints that can hinder their efforts to fully embrace this paradigm shift. However, with careful planning and strategic allocation of resources, it is possible to make the most out of your budget for open science initiatives.

1. Prioritize Open Access Publications: One of the fundamental aspects of open science is open access publishing, which allows research findings to be freely accessible to everyone. While some traditional academic journals might require substantial fees for open access publication, there are numerous reputable open-access journals that are cost-effective or even free. Researchers should prioritize publishing in these journals to ensure their work reaches a wider audience without straining their budget.

2. Utilize Preprint Servers: Preprint servers allow researchers to share their findings before formal peer review. This not only speeds up the dissemination of knowledge but also facilitates collaboration and feedback from the global scientific community. Most preprint servers are affordable or free, making them an excellent option for researchers on a budget.

3. Collaborative Grant Applications: Pooling resources through collaborative grant applications can help fund open science projects that require significant financial support. By partnering with other researchers or institutions that share your goals, you can collectively apply for grants to cover expenses related to open science initiatives such as data sharing platforms, open access publication fees, and research tools.

4. Open Data Repositories: Sharing research data is a cornerstone of open science, but managing and storing large datasets can be costly. Utilize open data repositories that offer free storage and access to datasets. These platforms often provide tools to help researchers organize and share their data effectively.

5. Open Educational Resources: Open science encompasses not only research but also educational materials. Consider creating and sharing open educational resources such as online courses, textbooks, and tutorials. These resources can have a broad impact and enhance your institution’s visibility within the open science community.

6. Leverage Institutional Support: Many academic institutions recognize the importance of open science and provide support for researchers interested in adopting its principles. Investigate whether your institution offers funding, infrastructure, or resources specifically geared towards open science initiatives. By leveraging these opportunities, you can stretch your budget further.

7. Participate in Crowdsourcing and Citizen Science: Crowdsourcing and citizen science projects allow you to tap into the collective knowledge and efforts of volunteers from around the world. These projects often require minimal financial investment but can yield substantial results, especially in data collection and analysis.

8. Open Source Software: If your open science project involves software development, consider using open-source tools and libraries. Open-source software is freely available and maintained by a community of contributors, reducing the need for costly proprietary software licenses.

9. Engage in Virtual Conferences and Workshops: Attending conferences and workshops is a valuable way to share your research and network. However, these events can be expensive due to travel and registration costs. Virtual conferences and webinars have become more common, offering cost-effective alternatives that still allow you to engage with the scientific community.

10. Focus on Impactful Outreach: Allocate your budget towards impactful outreach efforts. Engage in public talks, podcasts, and social media campaigns to communicate your research findings to a wider audience. Effective outreach can enhance the visibility of your work and attract potential collaborators or sponsors.

In conclusion, making the most out of your budget for open science involves strategic planning, collaboration, and resource allocation. By prioritizing open access publishing, utilizing affordable platforms, leveraging institutional support, and embracing open educational resources, you can fully embrace the principles of open science without exceeding your financial limitations. Ultimately, the shift towards open science is a collective effort, and every contribution, regardless of budget size, contributes to the advancement of knowledge for the benefit of all.

Photo: Proposify

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