Methods of Research Assessment

Methods of Research Assessment 1024 681 Open and Universal Science (OPUS) Project

Research is an essential aspect of the scientific and academic world. The quality of research is determined by its validity, reliability, and the level of impact it has on society. Hence, it is essential to evaluate research methods and techniques to ensure they meet the required standards. The process of research assessment is critical in providing a basis for decision-making by scholars, funders, and policymakers. Here are some of the methods used to assess research.

Peer Review

Peer review is one of the most common methods of research assessment. It involves the evaluation of a research paper by experts in the same field to ensure that it meets the required standards. Peer review ensures that research is reliable and valid, and also helps to identify gaps and areas of improvement.

Bibliometric Analysis

Bibliometric analysis involves the use of quantitative measures to assess the impact of research publications. This method involves analyzing the number of citations a publication has received, the number of publications by a researcher or institution, and the h-index of a researcher, which is a measure of their productivity and impact.


Altmetrics are alternative metrics that provide a different view of research impact beyond traditional citations. These metrics capture online attention and engagement with research such as social media mentions, downloads, and views. Altmetrics provide a broader view of research impact and can help to identify research that has a wider societal impact.

Expert Review

Expert review involves the evaluation of research by experts in the field who provide an objective assessment of the quality of research. This method involves evaluating the methodology, results, and conclusions of the research to ensure they meet the required standards.

Impact Assessment

Impact assessment involves evaluating the impact of research on society. This method involves evaluating the extent to which research has influenced policy, practice, or societal outcomes. Impact assessment provides evidence of the value of research to society and can help to inform future research priorities.


Research assessment is an essential process that helps to ensure the quality and impact of research. The methods of research assessment vary, and each has its strengths and weaknesses. However, the combination of these methods can provide a more comprehensive view of research quality and impact. Researchers, funders, and policymakers must continue to use a combination of these methods to ensure that research meets the required standards and has a positive impact on society.

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